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Santimamiñe

País Vasco (Spain)
Entrada a la cueva de Santimamiñe


Natural Environment:

Santimamiñe Cave is located near the Hermitage of San Mamés (Santimamiñe), on the south side of Monte Ereñozar, a conical hill with another hermitage, San Miguel, at its top. The hill is part of the limestone mountain ridge bounded on the east by the River Oka and the Ria of Guernica. It is therefore very near Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve. Holm oak woodland surrounds the cave entrance.

Regional Archaeological Context:

Santimamiñe Cave is one of the prehistoric caves on the Bay of Biscay. Other sites in the Basque Country are Ekain, Altxerri and Isturitz. The nearest caves with rock art to Santimamiñe are, in the east, Ekain and Altxerri in Gipuzkoa (32 and 45km away respectively) and in the west, Arenaza and Venta de la Perra in Bizkaia (42 and 67km away).

Archaeological evidence at the site:

The cave has a large group of Upper Palaeolithic paintings and engravings. The figures are in three parts of the cave: 1. First chamber in the main passage, 30m from the entrance. It has only three figures of which only an ibex can be identified clearly. 2. a) Antechamber and b) Chamber, with most of the paintings in the cave: signs, bison and horses painted in black. 3. Deep Zone, with a further four figures, of which only a horse and a bison are clearly visible.

Short Description:


The paintings are fund in three small panels in the main passage and a small side passage consisting of corridor called the Antechamber and a final Chamber, which has most of the art. Above all, the Chamber has numerous figures of black bison accompanied by a horse. In general they are not very large figures and not too carefully painted, but they are very characteristic of Magdalenian art in north Spain and the Pyrenees.

Themes and techniques: In total the cave has about 50 figures, painted with charcoal or engraved. The figures represent:

  • 32 bison
  • 7 ibex
  • 6 horses
  • a bear
  • a stag
  • and incomplete remains of other figures

Age:

Magdalenian, 14,500 – 12,000 years ago (Upper Palaeolithic).


Entrada a la Cueva de Santimamiñe

Type of Site: Cave and Visitors' Centre
Address: Cueva de Santimamiñe, Barrio Basondo s/n, Kortezubi (Bizkaia)
Telephone: 944 651 657 / 944 651 660
Website: www.bizkaia.net
E-mail: santimamine@bizkaia.net

State/Region: Pais Vasco
Province/Department: Bizkaia
Municipality: Kortezubi
Town: Barrio de Basondo
Location: Southern slopes of Monte Ereñozar


Punto de venta e información

Information and contact:
Basondo Auzoa s/n Kortezubi, Bizcaia.
For the guided visit the previous appointment is necessary calling at telephones (+34 94 465 16 57/+34 94 465 16 60), email address (santimamine@bizkaia.net) or in situ, in the information office.
http: // www.santimamiñe.com

Timetable:

  • Information point:

Open from Monday to Sunday.

Summer schedule (15/04 to 14/10):
10:00 to 14:00 hours and 15:00 to 19.00 hours

Winter schedule (16/10 to 14/04):
9:30-15:30 hours

 

  • Guided visits to the cave:

From 15/04 to 14/10
Visits from Monday to Sunday at this hours: 10:00, 11:00, 12:00, 13:00, 15:30, 17:00 and 17:30.


From16/10 to 14/04:
Visits from Tuesday to Sunday at this hours: 10:00, 11:00, 12:00 and 13:00.


Age restrictions:

  • Not

 access for handicapped persons:

  • Only to the point of information and to San Mamés's hermitage.


Type of visits:

  • Guided.


Duration of the guided visits:

  • 90 minutes

Maximum number of people for group:

  • 20 persons


Daily quota:

  • 100 persons


Price :
Individual: 5 €
Reduced:
3 Euros for person in group (minimum of 10 and maximum of 20) 2 Euros (over  65 years, unemployed, colleges)
Free: up to 6 years

Booking and access:

  • Disabled access only to Information Point and San Mamés Hermitage. Visits must be booked in advance on +34 944 651657 and +34 944 651660; by email: santimamine@bizkaia.net; or in person at the Information Point.

Visitors’ Centre:

At San Mamés Chapel, a sophisticated 3-D virtual replica allows the whole cave to be viewed, so that its formation and morphology can be understood and its Palaeolithic prehistoric art, which can not be visited directly for conservation reasons, can be admired.

The visit takes 1 hour 30 minutes. It begins at the Information Point, next to San Mamés Hermitage. From there, visitors are accompanied by a guide to the cave entrance. Only the first 50 metres of the cave can be viewed for conservation reasons, and the rest of the cave is closed. The archaeological excavations, which were re-started a few years ago, can be viewed at the entrance to the cave.


Nearby cultural destinations:

Town of Guernica.

Nearby natural destinations:

Oma Forest, the forest painted by Agustín Ibarrola. Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve. Laida and Laga beaches.

Accommodation near the site:


Morgota Baserria (Country house en Basando) 
Bº Basondo, Basondo 48315. 
Tel: 946 25 27 72 - 608 67 38 11 
www.morgota.com

Agroturismo Morgota 
Basondo, 48315 Kortezubi. 
Tel: 946 252 772 
morgota@euskalnet.net

Restaurants near the site:

Erretegi Marko 
Santa Ana, s/n. Kortezubi. 
Tel: 946 253 999

Lezika Restaurante-asador 
Basondo, 8 - Caserío Lezika (Cuevas de Santimamiñe)
Tel: 946 252 975

Mikel Taberna 
Barrutia, 2. Kortezubi


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2010-2020 PREHISTORIC ROCK ART TRAIL CELEBRATES ITS 10th ANNIVERSARY

2010-2020 PREHISTORIC ROCK ART TRAIL CELEBRATES ITS 10th ANNIVERSARY

11th May 2010 the Council of Europe granted the Mention European Cultural Route to the PRAT-CARP network.